Tuesday, April 21, 2015

April 21. 1865 Friday

Nancy went to town to get her bonnet fixed came home on the 11’ o’clock train — James Walton here to dinner got $10 of the money his parents sent, for his summer clothing to get a spring coat — Took up several cedar wreaths.  We swept and dusted the church and proceeded to arrange the drapery, but the results were very unsatisfactory —  Mrs. A. S. Bailey, Mrs W. D. Bailey, Louisa Carpenter, Nancy Cole, & Mrs Dickey were there.  Mr A. S. Bailey came & helped us, but we concluded to adjourn & meet tomorrow after noon and complete the work.
Mrs Cutler went to her mothers —  William came home on the Paymaster’s extra train about the middle of the afternoon —

Monday, April 20, 2015

Thursday April 20 1865

We are having a very early spring the apple orchards are all in bloom.   We had lettuce from the garden today on our table.  Mrs Dawes was here to dinner.  
 Mrs Cutler & little Sarah took tea at Mr Burgess‘ — Maggie Voris went to Cincinnati today to be gone a week or two.  Mrs. A. S. Bailey and Mrs. W. D. Bailey called to consult about the propriety of draping our church with black on account of the President’s death — There is no one connected with our church who is not wholly loyal, and I am sure it would be agreeable to their feelings to have it done.  The Mrs Baileys said they would go to town to morrow and get materials, and some directions how the thing is to be done so as to have it accomplished before next sabbath.

Sunday, April 19, 2015

Wednesday April 19 1865

Mrs. Waldron, Miss Ann Waldron and Mrs W. D. Bailey called.  The Waldron family are refugees from Virginia, they are Presbyterians now loyal .  Mr. Waldron is a Railroad man and has a contract on the bridge which is to be constructed across the Ohio river at Parkersburg.  They have been living in brother Daniels old house, but they are moving to Parkersburg to-day —
About 11 o’clock the ‘Wild Wagoner’ came and the Waldron’s & the Bowhans got on with their furniture and goods — and Mrs. Cutler, Sarah & Maggie got off.  They had a very pleasant trip.  The ‘Wild Wagoner’ is one of the finest boats on the river and is said to have cost with its furniture $150,000.  Capt. Drown gave the whole party including Kate & Annie ‘free tickets‘ — He said that Mr. Cutler had done much more than that for him, and he was glad to have an opportunity to make some return to his family &c. &c.  Mrs. Cutler got new bonnets in Wheeling for her self and me, second mourning and very pretty — She got Sarah a beautiful hat of white straw, narrow brim trimmed with blue ribins & white feathers & heads of wheat in front — The bonnets worn this spring are very different from those worn last year, and much prettier I think.  They are not so high in front, fitting closely to the head, and generally without frills behind instead of which there is an arrangement of long loops and ends of ribin — I have seen some without crowns, shaped like a three cornered handkerchief with two ends meeting under the chin, and the third point behind with loops of ribin to conceal the back hair — We shall still wear our black crape bonnets until summer comes —

Saturday, April 18, 2015

Tuesday April 18 1865

Mr. and Mrs. Bowhan, Mr. Carlin and his son James & Mr. Morris here to dinner.  They are friends of Nancy, our girl — Mr & Mrs Bowhan were refugees from Missouri a year ago.  Now affairs being more settled in that state and the guerrillas less troublesome they are going back again — 
Secretary Seward is still living and strong hopes are entertained that both he & his son will recover.  The assassins are not yet arrested —

Friday, April 17, 2015

Monday April 17. 1865

Mr. Burgess here this morning greatly excited —he acted like a crazy man.  His family dreading the effect upon him, concealed the death of President Lincoln from him until yesterday, the news seems to have thrown him off his ballance.  He is a great coward naturally, and now he is sure somebody will assassinate him, when William told him that he was in no danger, he was very angry, he said they had murdered Lincoln & Seward and yet they would tell him he was in no danger.  He then began to abuse William and call him an infidel &c in the midst of which William left him to go on the cars to Chillicothe —He then turned to me and berated the Baileys, Col. Mills, President Andrews, brother William, Sister Sarah and every other friend he could think of, until he had exhausted his extensive vocabulary of abusive epithets —Mrs. Cutler took her bonnet & went to her mothers —I tried to read the paper to him but he at every pause in the reading began anew, till at last I handed him the Gazette to take home with him.  I dont doubt he is sincerely sorry for the death of Mr. Lincoln, but I think he manifests it in a strange way —I suppose that he is really deranged for the time being, that is the most charitable construction we can put upon his conduct — —Chief Justice Chase administered the oath of office to President Johnson Saturday, within three hours of the death of President Lincoln.  There is to be no changes in the cabinet for the present, at least —And the government goes on without interuption, it is believed that the new President will carry out the Emancipation Policy of Lincoln, and that he will treat traitors with less leniency than his predecessor —The fact that Johnson was drunk on the 4” of March has filled people with apprehensions for the future — It is stated however authoritatively that he is not an habitual drinker — that he was at that time prostrated by disease, and took stimulants to enable him to go through the duties of his day — The mortification felt by his friends & the Country generally may prove a valuable lesson —
Mrs. Cutler, little Sarah, & Maggie Voris went to Marietta to take the Wild Wagoner and go with Kate & Anna McLean to Wheeling — They expect to get home Wednesday.

Thursday, April 16, 2015

Sabbath April 16. 1865

I woke with a heavy pain at my heart such as one feels when the dead are in the house, and for a moment could not think what had happened but God reigns, and wicked men cannot circumvent them, or prevent his purposes from being carried out — Though hand join in hand the wicked shall not go unpunished.  The cry of the poor & needy slave has gone up to God, these many years, and now that of our captive, suffering, soldiers is added — We hope and believe that He has begun to visit for these things and that the shackles will fall from the limbs of the slave, and the prison doors will be opened to the languishing captive.
Mr. Curtis preached a very good sermon from the text “Though he slay me yet will I trust in him” — Every body seems to think and speak only of the terrible tragedy at Washington — One man shed tears as he spoke of it & said he would do what he could to hang traitors — Ann Harvey said she had never been so shocked, or so much regretted the death of any public man as she did that of President Lincoln, but she believed that God had some purpose in permitting it — She was sorry though, that he was at such a place as the theater — a feeling I have heard expressed by more than one — Some said that they had felt paralized by the news, and unable to attend to any business — Many felt a half expressed and vague dread that this is but the beginning of horrors — — That more assassinations may be expected and they know not what — Mrs Blackinton, who has spent 25 years in the South & has imbibed some ideas belonging to that latitude, said that “what made the death of Mr. Lincoln to be particularly regretted was the fact that Vice President Johnson was so unfitted to take his place — he had risen from low life — had been a tailor — his wife had taught him to read” &c. &c.  I told her “for that very reason I honored him, he must be a man of decided talent — a great man — to have acquired so much distinction, and to have honorably filled so many exalted positions” — She said she knew “he was not habitually intemperate — but Southern Gentlemen had never regarded him as being on an equality with them” — I said “so much the better, he will have nothing in common with them, and so will be untrammelled in his dealing with traitors —— 

Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Saturday April. 15. 1865.

Busy all the morning packing two boxes of canned fruit &c. for Kate to take home with her.  She leaves here today, and will go to Wheeling on the Wild Wagoner Monday.  Mr. Cutler and Sarah and Maggie Voris intend to go as far as that city with her.  Kate’s health is not good and I fear she will not live long.  Nancy went home to see her sister.

Saturday April 15 1865 — continued —  William returned from town on the 11 o’clock train.  As soon as I saw him I thought from his countenance that there was bad news — and asked at once “What news from Sherman?” as we were daily expecting to hear of a battle between Sherman & Johnston — He replied “No news from Sherman, but there is shocking news from Washington, President Lincoln was assassinated last night at a theater, and an attempt made to murder Secretary Seward and his son who are supposed to be fatally wounded” —I said “It is a copperhead lie, to mar the rejoicing over the late victories” —”No” he said, “it is a too true, it comes from Secretary Stanton” — —He says that the feeling in town is intense they say now “no compromises with treason, let justice be done to the traitors.”  Lincoln had a strong hold on the hearts of the people, his right principles, his honesty of purpose, & his kindliness have won their love —and now his base and cruel murder, coming at a time of jubilant rejoicing produces the most painful revulsion of feeling and profound sorrow —Our joy is turned into mourning, our Season of hope & promise into the blackness of darkness.  People sit down and weep as if bereaved of a dear friend —William says “nothing since our defeat at Manasus has produced such a shock (if indeed that can be compared with this) men’s hearts failing them for fear of the things that are coming on the earth — —This afternoon William received a dispatch saying Lincoln died this morning at half past seven.  The murderer is Booth an actor, who has not been arrested —Seward is also reported dead —

Everybody almost seems horror struck with this terrible crime.  The idea of the murder of the Secretary of State, who since the fall from his carriage, some time ago has been lying helpless with a broken jaw and arm —seems too horrible for belief —Savages could not be more brutal —but a people who can commit the atrocities suffered by our captive soldiers in Southern prisons are bad enough to instigate and carry out any act however infamous and revolting —

Peggy's note:
Read an account published in Harper's Weekly.