Tuesday, December 31, 2013

Thursday, December 31, 1863

John & James Means & Lizzie Poage here to dinner.
This day ends 1863, a year that by the mercy of God has to our family been crowned with many blessings--But to our Country one of bitter sorrow--in bereavements unnumbered--May it result in redemption to the slave.

Monday, December 30, 2013

Sunday, December 29, 2013

Tuesday, December 29, 1863

Mr. Durand & W. P. Putnam, Ephe & Lucy Dr. Limon Wort & Dr. Seth Hart were here last night.  I dressed the head of the engineer Fred Washburn--he was determined to go to his home in Chillicothe.  He was carried to the train in a rocking chair.  I never saw any one endure pain as he did.  That accident was occasioned by some persons turning the switch--it was very dark & the engine backing down.  Mr. Ridlow & Mr. Graves were to dinner.  Major Dawes went back to war.

Saturday, December 28, 2013

Monday, December 28, 1863

About six o’clock this evening just after the freight train passed we heard men calling for help--an accident had occurred.  William & John hurried to the station where the engine & 4 cars were thrown from the track.  They dug out the engineer from under the engine and brought him here--his head & wrist terribly scalded & his ankle dislocated. Sent Ivan Smith for a doctor.  All the train men here to supper.

Friday, December 27, 2013

Sunday, December 27, 1863

A rainy muddy time, only William went to meeting.  Annie continues to be sick.

Thursday, December 26, 2013

Wednesday, December 25, 2013

Friday, December 25, 1863 Christmas

Cold.  Dr. Regnier came again to see Annie who has ulcers again in her throat & is much discouraged.  Too sick to enjoy her Christmas gifts, but Sarah was delighted with hers.
We were surprised & delighted by a visit from Major E. C. Dawes & Lucy.  He brought me gold star [unreadable word] buttons, Lizzie vases, Kate traveling bag, the children candy &c.

Tuesday, December 24, 2013

Thursday, December 24, 1863

Kate not well.
Mr. Boothby who is building a steam mill for us & dwelling house for himself on Hocking sent us a fat young goose for Christmas dinner.

Maggie gave me Whittier’s “In War Time”.  She & her mother were down to see Annie who is yet confined to her room with diptheria.  Gave Mrs. Ames coffee, soda &c to keep Christmas.

Peggy's comments:
John Greenleaf Whittier published a book of poems focused on the Civil War.  It's available here.

Monday, December 23, 2013

Wednesday, December 23, 1863

Kate went to Marietta.  Annie rests downstairs on the sofa & is not so well.

Sunday, December 22, 2013

Tuesday, December 22, 1863

William goes to Cincinnati today.  Lizzie went to town with Sarah to do some shopping.  Evening train detained two or three hours.  Mrs. Dawes came down with with her.  Ice in the river.

Saturday, December 21, 2013

Monday, December 21, 1863

William went to Marietta.  Sister Sarah came down with him this evening.  Still cold.

Friday, December 20, 2013

Sunday, December 20, 1863

Annie got down stairs and lay on the sofa in the sitting room this forenoon.  A keenly cold day -- we all walked to meeting.  Mrs. Cutler staid at home with Annie.

Thursday, December 19, 2013

Saturday, December 19, 1863

We started our Soldiers box by train this morning.
Dr. Regnier came down today but thinks it will not be necessary to repeat his visits longer unless unfavorable symptoms manifest themselves in Annie’s case.

Wednesday, December 18, 2013

Friday, December 18, 1863

Dr. Regnier again here, he thinks Annie better but she has a very bad throat still. 
Packed box for Cincinnati Branch of Sanitary Commission--about three bushel of dried apples, shirts, pairs of socks & two comfort bags & a few other things.

Tuesday, December 17, 2013

Thursday, December 17, 1863

Dr. Regnier came again this morning.  Lucy & Mrs. Coon left after breakfast.  Maggie here.  Mr. Coon says Jane acquires the Syriac with great readiness and is a great favorite with the natives, & much beloved by all the missionaries.

Monday, December 16, 2013

Wednesday, December 16, 1863

Dr. Regnier came on morning train.
Rev. Mr. Coon missionary to the Nestorians of Persia has been spending the day with Mrs. Dawes who invited quite a party to meet him.  He is well acquainted with Mr. & Mrs. Shedd of whom he speaks very handsomely.  He came down on the evening train with Lucy & will spend the night.

Peggy's comments:
The Cutlers were obviously quite concerned about William's daughter, Annie, with daily visits from the doctor.

Rev. John Haskell Shedd and his wife Jane Dawes Shedd (daughter of Sarah Cutler Dawes and sister of Rufus, Ephraim, Kate, and Lucy) had been missionaries in Persia since their marriage in 1859.

Sunday, December 15, 2013

Tuesday, December 15,1863

Nancy came home this evening, her father did not go to Chattanooga as he could not get farther than Nashville.  Dr. Regnier came on night train.

Saturday, December 14, 2013

Monday, December 14, 1863

Mrs. Dawes went home this morning.  Mrs. Terril came & washed. Rosa Roberts does the work.
Dr. Regnier here to dinner.  Annie’s throat is very bad.

A cold day.

Friday, December 13, 2013

Sunday, December 13, 1863

Annie had a very sick night.  John went this morning for Dr. Regnier who came & staid to dinner he pronounces Annie’s disease diptheria with billious fever.
Sacrament this afternoon.  Sister Sarah went to meeting with me.  Kate & Lizzie staying with Annie.

Thursday, December 12, 2013

Saturday, December 12, 1863

Nancy went home on the train this morning.  Her brother’s widow has come from Iowa to spend the winter with them.
Preparatory Lecture.  Mr. Curtis thanked the church for a life membership in the A.B.C.F. Mission and also in the N.E. Bible Society--& the ladies of the Congregation for Johnson’s Atlas--a valuable work.  Annie complains of sore throat.  Mrs. Dawes came on evening train.

Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Friday, December 11, 1863

Kate is embroidering Sarah’s [unreadable] dress like one she has done for Annie--
Nancy recieved [sic] a letter from home saying that her brother James wounded at Chattanooga, in the bowels--ball not extracted--was not likely to recover & her father would start to see him Monday.

Tuesday, December 10, 2013

Thursday, December 10, 1863

Rosa Roberts came to help us until Nancy is better.
A letter from Ephe [unreadable] he is going to Cleveland thence to Knoxville, Tenn.

Monday, December 9, 2013

Wednesday, December 9, 1863

Nancy suffered severely all night and cannot leave her room today.
Emiline spends the day.

Mrs. Francy helped about the ironing.

Sunday, December 8, 2013

Tuesday, December 8, 1863

Pleasant today.  Mr. Allen is putting a new hearth stone in our dining room.
Emeline McClure here to stay all night.
Nancy sprained her foot badly this evening.

We sent bed ticks, sheets, comforts &c on to Hocking to be made for Railroad hands.

Saturday, December 7, 2013

Monday, December 7, 1863

Kate and the children went to Marietta & William has gone to Cincinnati to spend the week.  He has charge of building the M&C Railroad from Loveland to Cincinnati.
Kate made purchases at Bosworth & Wells’ of materials for bedding for wood-cutters.

Friday, December 6, 2013

Thursday, December 5, 2013

Saturday, December 5, 1863

We were very thankful & happy to get a few lines from Ephe to night written on the 26th after the battle.  
A letter received to day may give a new coloring to the life of one member of our family.
Lucy came down to spend the sabbath here.

Peggy's comments:
I am curious about the contents of the letter--and to whom the letter was addressed--which may give a new coloring to the life of one member of our family.

Wednesday, December 4, 2013

Friday, December 4, 1863

Lizzie called on Mrs. G. W. Bailey.  The Commercial has a list of killed & wounded at Chattanooga.  James P. Carlin, Nancy’s brother, is wounded.
Longstreet who has been besieging Burnside at Knoxville Tenn., assaulted Fort Saunders but was repulsed with great slaughter and has retreated from before Knox.

Tuesday, December 3, 2013

Thursday, December 3, 1863

A very pleasant day.  Mrs. Burgess invited us all up to eat a “turkey dinner” with them.  Rev. J. S. Poage was there.  I did not go on account of rheumatism.
William brought from town letters from Ephe written just before the battle of Chattanooga.  We are very anxious to be assured of his safety.  He was under Gen. H. Ewing and was certainly in the fight.  O the weary waiting for news--

Peggy's comment:
More information about the battle at Chattanooga, Tennessee here.

Monday, December 2, 2013

Wednesday, December 2, 1863

Nancy & I have cleaned my room nicely to-day & moved the furniture so as to admit Annie’s bed for the winter.

Peggy's comment:
Annie Cutler is the 10 year old daughter of William (Julia's brother) and Lizzie Cutler.

Sarah and Annie Cutler

Sunday, December 1, 2013

Tuesday, December 1, 1863

Young Ellenwood came for flower & evergreens to decorate the coffin of Mrs. Scott’s oldest daughter, ten years old, who died suddenly while sitting in her chair yesterday.  Had been troubled with rheumatism.

Saturday, November 30, 2013

Monday, November 30, 1863

Mr. James H. Scott moved his family to Clermont Co. where he has bought a farm.  They went on the Ohio.  A cold day--I am troubled with rheumatism.

Friday, November 29, 2013

Sunday, November 29, 1863

Small Congregation.  William, Mr. Glazier, Nancy & I went to meeting.  Annie sick with influenza.

Thursday, November 28, 2013

Saturday, November 28, 1863

William came home to night and Mr. Charles Glazier of Amesville with him.  He wishes to rent the Old Place.

Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Friday, November 27, 1863

Another pleasant day.  Took my hyacinths from the dark into the sunlight.  I have [unreadable] in a pot--hope they will bloom in February.  Kate has two in glasses.  Lucy came down & spent last night.  Dr. Cotton has telegraphed that Capt. Beale Whittlesey was killed at Chattanooga.  Lt. Col. Douglas Putnam of the 96” wounded also Lieut. Putnam, Turner Selby, &c.

Tuesday, November 26, 2013

Thursday, November 26, 1863

National Thanksgiving--A fine day.

This day is set apart by President Lincoln & Gov. Todd as a day of Thanksgiving.  Dispatches came saying a great battle has been fought at or near Chattanooga and a great victory achieved.  30 guns taken--and we have possession of the enemy’s fortifications.  William telegraphs that the name of Major Dawes does not appear in the partial lists of killed & wounded--we are very anxious to hear more.  The Burgess’ family alone here to dine.  No sermon.

Peggy's comments:

In the fall of 1863, Abraham Lincoln declared the fourth Thursday of November to be an official day of Thanksgiving.  Here is his proclamation:

The year that is drawing towards its close, has been filled with the blessings of fruitful fields and healthful skies. To these bounties, which are so constantly enjoyed that we are prone to forget the source from which they come, others have been added, which are of so extraordinary a nature, that they cannot fail to penetrate and soften even the heart which is habitually insensible to the ever watchful providence of Almighty God. In the midst of a civil war of unequalled magnitude and severity, which has sometimes seemed to foreign States to invite and to provoke their aggression, peace has been preserved with all nations, order has been maintained, the laws have been respected and obeyed, and harmony has prevailed everywhere except in the theatre of military conflict; while that theatre has been greatly contracted by the advancing armies and navies of the Union.
Needful diversions of wealth and of strength from the fields of peaceful industry to the national defence, have not arrested the plough, the shuttle, or the ship; the axe had enlarged the borders of our settlements, and the mines, as well of iron and coal as of the precious metals, have yielded even more abundantly than heretofore. Population has steadily increased, notwithstanding the waste that has been made in the camp, the siege and the battle-field; and the country, rejoicing in the consciousness of augmented strength and vigor, is permitted to expect continuance of years, with large increase of freedom.
No human counsel hath devised nor hath any mortal hand worked out these great things. They are the gracious gifts of the Most High God, who, while dealing with us in anger for our sins, hath nevertheless remembered mercy.
It has seemed to me fit and proper that they should be solemnly, reverently and gratefully acknowledged as with one heart and voice by the whole American people. I do therefore invite my fellow citizens in every part of the United States, and also those who are at sea and those who are sojourning in foreign lands, to set apart and observe the last Thursday of November next, as a day of Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the Heavens. And I recommend to them that while offering up the ascriptions justly due to Him for such singular deliverances and blessings, they do also, with humble penitence for our national perverseness and disobedience, commend to his tender care all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife in which we are unavoidably engaged, and fervently implore the interposition of the Almighty Hand to heal the wounds of the nation and to restore it as soon as may be consistent with the Divine purposes to the full enjoyment of peace, harmony, tranquility and Union.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this third day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and of the independence of the United States the eighty-eighth.
Abraham Lincoln

Monday, November 25, 2013

Wednesday, November 25, 1863

Sarah returned to Marietta.  Mrs. Cutler to her mothers to dinner taking little Sarah with her.  Annie is sick with influenza.  Nancy & I took care of the lard of six hogs & prepared sausage meat.  Rosa Roberts staid all night here.  A. S. Bailey sent us a fine Turkey for Thanksgiving.

Sunday, November 24, 2013

Tuesday, November 24, 1863

Rainey.  Mrs. Dawes spent the day here.  Another letter from Jane S. Shedd.  She has been very sick but is now better.  She is at Salmus near Oroomiah.  Marion Hunter also writes from Minnesota her little baby has been sick.

Peggy's notes:
Jane Shedd was Rufus Dawes'  sister and the niece of Julia Cutler.  She and her husband, the Rev. John Shedd, had been missionaries in Persia since 1859.

Saturday, November 23, 2013

Monday, November 23, 1863

William goes to Cincinnati.  Lucy, Mary Gates, & Rufus went back to Marietta this morning.
Mr. Burgess came down & proposed that we get a box of canned fruit ready for Rufus to take back with him.  Mrs. Burgess sent down four cans & Lizzie put in an equal number.  John put the box on train as Rufus passed down.  Mrs. Dawes came this far with him.

Peggy's comments:

Rufus Dawes later wrote about his visit to Marietta:
This short visit is remembered as an oasis in the desert of my military life.  The weather was delightful, and that dreamy haze, called Indian summer, was upon the hills and valleys of Southern Ohio.  For four days, a young couple, oblivious to all others, wandered over the hills or drove on the beautiful roads.  Owing to the exigencies of the military service, this four days was all the opportunity we had for meeting until our wedding.

Friday, November 22, 2013

Sunday, November 22, 1863

We all went to meeting except Wm who is still not well & Miss Mary Gates who staid at home with Kate.  Mr. Curtis preached a good practical sermon urging immediate repentance & submission to God.
W. D. Bailey & Mrs. Bailey came in to see Rufus.

Thursday, November 21, 2013

Saturday, November 21, 1863

We were very pleasantly surprised this morning to see Rufus -- he came on the cars with Lucy, Mary Gates, and Annie.  He was on the cars yesterday when Sarah went up.  He has but seven days furlough and starts back Monday night.  He has been and has been through “Fitz Hughes Crossing” “Chancellorsville” & “Gettysburg” since we saw him.  Rufus took tea at Mr. Burgess’s.  A. S. Bailey called.

Peggy's comments:
Since his engagement to Mary Gates, Rufus Dawes, Julia's nephew, had applied several times for a leave to return to Marietta to see her.  Rufus later recalls this event in his book, Service with the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers:
In making a third effort to secure a leave of absence, I went in person to corps headquarters.  My application had the usual "urgent" endorsements which plaintively appealed that I should be granted the favor.  General John Newton, now best known as the man who blew up Hell Gate, looked my paper over and I saw no hope in his eye.  "Colonel," said he, "you give no reason for this application!"   "What's the use of giving a reason! " said I, "sickness or death in the family, or business complications are rejected as reasons in the orders."  "Yes," said the General.  "Have you any other reason?"  "I have," said I, "I want very much to see my girl."   "All right, Colonel, you have stated a reason not forbidden in the orders, and I will endorse that you have 'a good and sufficient reason.'"  I got all I asked, ten days leave of absence to visit Ohio.  General Newton made two friends by this level-headed, official action.

Wednesday, November 20, 2013

Friday, November 20, 1863

Sarah returned to town this morning taking Annie with her.  It is the last day of this term of Lucy’s school - a rainy day.

Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Thursday, November 19, 1863

Dr. Rucker (whose family have been in Marietta nearly a year - refugees from Virginia) has lately escaped from an imprisonment of 18 months in the South and on whose account all exchange of surgeons had ceased is now safe within the Union lines.

Peggy's comments:
On this day, Abraham Lincoln made his famous Gettysburg Address, dedicating the cemetery at Gettysburg.  After noted orator Edward Everett spoke for two hours from memory, Abraham Lincoln took out a piece of paper and spoke for about three minutes to 10,000 people.  

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

Monday, November 18, 2013

Wednesday, November 18, 1863

Kate has had a very sick day.  She suffers a great deal of pain.  We fear that she will have a settled fever.
Maggie Voris, Mrs. Joel Deming, Mrs. Hart and Betsey & Thomas Bailey called.
I filled Mrs. Harts & Miss Baileys buggy with shrubs & plants from the garden.
Lucy came this evening bringing letters from Ephe about whom we were becoming very anxious.  He was at Decherd Tenn. and had marched from Waterloo 250 miles and was still “moving on.”

Saturday, November 16, 2013

Monday, November 16, 1863

B. C. Bailey, Mr. Briggs, A. S. Bailey & Mr. Burgess here before breakfast.  Mr. B. C. Bailey has invented a contrivance for dumping dirt cars, quite ingenious.  William went to Cincinnati--will be gone all the week.
Nancy came back today.

Friday, November 15, 2013

Thursday, November 14, 2013

Saturday, November 14, 1863

Mr. Thomas shipped his apples on the S. Clair for Pittsburg.  Rained hard.  Mrs. Nancy T. Bradley and little Charley Bradley here to spend the day.  John took them to Mrs. McTaggerts in the evening.  They are from Pana, Ill.
William lay all the afternoon on the sofa with fever & severe headache.  Kate quite unwell not able to sit up all day.  Conductors brought dispatches requiring Wm to go to Cincinnati Monday.

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Thursday, November 12, 1863

Sarah had a high fever all night but better this morning.  We wrapped her in a hot wet sheet which prevented croup & [an erased and unreadable portion of the journal]   He is a copperhead [several unreadable words] in our social life a difference between loyal people & traitors.

Deacon Francis Stone of Belpre died to-day of paralysis with which he was seized on Monday last.

Monday, November 11, 2013

Wednesday, November 11, 1863

Little Sarah had a sick night.  William & Lizzie went to town to do some business & Lizzie went and took her new piece of princess cloth to Mrs. Deeble to be made.  Mrs. Terril here, cleaned the sitting room & ironed. 
Sarah sick all day, cannot speak loud and coughs with sore throat.

Rev. Mr. Merwin came and spends the night on Presbyterial business. 

Sunday, November 10, 2013

Tuesday, November 10, 1863

The ground froze hard last night and the air is wintry today.  A. S. Bailey called & Col. Moore took dinner.  Wrote to M. A. Carter enclosing 50 dollars from Wm to her mother.

Peggy’s comment:
Martha Ann Carter was the daughter of Nancy Cutler Carter who was William’s and Julia's half-sister.

Saturday, November 9, 2013

Monday, November 9, 1863

Lucy & Carrie Wickes left this morning.  A little sprinkling of snow fell last night, the first of the season and to-day a snow storm has made the earth white.  Mrs. Terril and Rosa Roberts here helping us.  Mrs. Dawes came to spend the night and to bring Kate some medicine.  There was a battle on the Rappahannock between Meades army & Lee’s on Saturday last, Nov. 7”.  Victory for us--we took 1,800 prisoners.

Peggy's comment:
More information at the battle at Rappahannock Station here.

Friday, November 8, 2013

Sunday, November 8, 1863

Kate, William & Lizzie all too unwell to go to meeting.  There are many complaining with influenza.  They are very sick a few days & cough hard.

Thursday, November 7, 2013

Saturday, November 7, 1863

We have taken up the last of our roots & bulbs to day canna, dahlias, ...roses, gladiolas, &c--to keep through the winter.  
Kate is very unwell with a severe cold.  Carrie Wickes & the children are having a fine play.
Kate took them in the buggy as far as Mr. Blues.  Nancy Carlin has gone home to spend a week.  (unreadable name) Linscott from Amesville here.

Wednesday, November 6, 2013

Friday, November 6, 1863

Peggy's comment:
Julia did not make an entry in her journal on this day, however her nephew, Rufus R. Dawes, did write a letter to his fiancé, Mary Gates:

We had an interesting visitor in camp to-day.  He was an old school Virginia gentleman, of one of their patrician families.  The old gentleman was a pattern of method and precision in his manners, and there was the urbanity and consideration for others of the true gentlemen of the real old stock.  He said that he had been an officer in the 'War of 1812'--that he had General Washington's own pistols.  He was well acquainted with President Madison and President Monroe, and edified us with anecdotes and illustrations of the men of his day and generation.  His visit was much enjoyed by all.  The old gentleman was carried away by talking, and he said:  "I am eighty years of age.  My grandfather was a Virginia gentleman; my great grandfather was a Frenchman, and, begging your indulgence to an old man, I thank God that to-day I stand as they would in this struggle."  Said I:  "My dear Sir, your enthusiasm is worthy of imitation by us who are younger, but your cause is no older in your family than ours is in mine.  My ancestors came to New England when yours came to Virginia, and they flourished in Massachusetts, and I thank God I live in the day to fight for their principles."  Said the old gentleman:  "I always did admire a full blown Yankee."

Sunday, November 3, 2013

Tuesday, November 3, 1863

I wrote to Clara.  William,who started to Cincinnati this morning where his business will keep him until Saturday, gave me a check for 50 dollars to send Clara.  It will be very acceptable to her I know.

Saturday, November 2, 2013

Monday, November 2, 1863

Pleasant.  Late letters from Ephraim--he is at Iuka. (sp) He sends his mother more money.

Friday, November 1, 2013

Sunday, November 1, 1863

Rev. Francis Bartlett supplied the pulpit for Mr. Curtis.
The leaves have nearly all come down, and the earth has a bleak look--the grass however is still green, chrisanthemums, roses and other flowers are still blooming in the garden.

Thursday, October 31, 2013

Saturday, October 31, 1863

Cloudy.  Mrs. W. D. Bailey called.  William, Lizzie & Kate came home from Cincinnati.  Lucy also from town & George Cutter to spend the sabbath.
Quite a variety of purchases from the city.  Cloak, 2 dresses &c for Lucy, shawl for Mrs. Dawes, Broche shawl (40 dollars) for me--also silver sugar basket.  Lizzie bonnet, Kate [unreadable]

Peggy’s notes:
Rufus Dawesm, Julia's nephew, was in Virginia near Thoroughfare Gap and writes to his fiancé, Mary Gates:

You can hardly know how comfortable and homelike it seems to-night to get up my wall tent.  Since the eighth of this month, I have had nothing over me except the slab cover of the pig-pen at Centreville.  To-night the regiment is in camp.  It is said that a council of war was held at Gainesville yesterday, and as a result we came here.  Just at supper time last night we got our marching orders, and it was midnight before we had accomplished our journey of five miles.  It was a night of Egyptian darkness.  The column of troops would hitch up two rods and stop fifteen minutes, and then hitch up a rod and a half and stop half an hour.  It is always so, marching after artillery over a stony road and rough hills.  I often fall asleep on my horse, but whenever the troops ahead start, she starts, and she is in no more danger of losing our regiment than a hound is of losing a fox. We have a magnificent place here.  We are encamped among the Bull Run Mountains, west of Thoroughfare Gap.  I climbed this morning to the top of the highest peak and enjoyed the scenery.  You will be astonished at our dinner to-day.  Roast turkey!  Honey!  Graham biscuit!  It is an epoch, such a dinner in this day of hard tack plain, hard tack fried, hard tack soaked, hard tack crumbled and stewed, or hard tack otherwise compounded with salt pork as the sole staff of life. . . . 

Wednesday, October 30, 2013

Friday, October 30, 1863

A rainy day.  To-day’s Register states that the Sturlings who shot McCoy in Union township las August were sentenced to the penitentiary, the father for 15 years, the son for one year.  McCoy did not die of his wound.

Peggy's comments:
Julia commented in her journal on August 10, 1863, about this crime.

Tuesday, October 29, 2013

Thursday, October 29, 1863

Another hard frost.  I saw one steamboat with two coal barges in tow.  There is great scarcity of coal at Cincinnati, where it has sold for 50 cents a bushel.  The railroad is doing all it can to relieve the destitution. There is great lack of fuel in most of our river towns which depend on Pittsburg & Wheeling for Coal.  Nancy is home & cleaning.  Circle met at Mrs. Dickey’s.  [a line is crossed out and unreadable.]

Monday, October 28, 2013

Wednesday, October 28, 1863

Kate & Mrs. Cutler started to Cincinnati.  Mrs. A. S. Bailey is going today also.  A hard frost last night killing tomatoes, dahlias, cannas, &c.  Pleasant day.  Raked off the catalpa leaves from the yard.   Number of steamboats passed, the river has not been navigable for many weeks.

Saturday, October 26, 2013

Monday, October 26, 1863

Mrs. Dawes & Kate went to town & William to Chillicothe.
I finished planting out tulips and other bulbs.  Sarah went up to her Grandmothers to spend the night.  At Marietta they have a torch light procession, general illumination, rockets & burning tar barrels in honor of Brough’s election.

Peggy's notes:
John Brough, a pro-Union candidate, was elected Governor of Ohio.

Thursday, October 24, 2013

Saturday, October 24, 1863

A drove of cattle forded the river & the foot of the Island this morning.  The river has begun to rise--has risen more than a foot.  There was a fight a few days ago at the Burning Springs.
Mrs. Dawes came home with Annie & will spend the sabbath.

Peggy’s notes:
Burning Springs was 30 miles from Parkersburg in West Virginia and at the time, it was strongly pro-secessionist.

Wednesday, October 23, 2013

Friday, October 23, 1863

A rainy day--Mrs. Lyman Hart called and took Louisa Beale home with her.
William returned from his excursion.  The baskets of catawba grapes & Cooper apples from our garden & orchard were very much praised by the New York gentlemen.

Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Thursday, October 22, 1863

Mrs. Dawes took up Annie with her to attend the festival to-night set up to aid the families of soldiers.  Circle met at Mrs. McClures.  Misses Beale & Reppert went with us -- pleasant meeting.  Miss Reppert went home with Maggie to spend the night.  Old Dr. Hart was married to day to Emma H____ aged 20.  William went on extra train with the Board and gentlemen from New York to Chillicothe.

Monday, October 21, 2013

Wednesday, October 21, 1863

Mr. Durand left this morning, also the Wilcoxes.  Mr. T. Wilcox has been living the past year in Hardin Co. where he & all his family have been sick with ague.  He has come back to the old farm again.  Mrs. Dawes, Louisa Beale & Annie Reppert came on the morning train.
William gave Mrs. Dawes $20 for Mrs. Covey who is in destitute circumstances.

Sunday, October 20, 2013

Tuesday, October 20, 1863

Kate went to town and brought home Annie & Sara.  Mr. Thomas Wilcox & Linley Wilcox came from Amesville today & bringing a box of hickory nuts to  the children.  Mr. Durand came on the evening train, which was late & we had to put him in the North chamber.

Peggy's note:
Mr. Durand was the Superintendent of the M&C Railroad.

Saturday, October 19, 2013

Monday, October 19, 1863

Lucy & Sarah Parker went to Marietta this morning taking Annie & Sarah Cutler with them.  Mrs. Deming called.  She proposed that the ladies of the Congregation shall contribute and buy one of Johnson’s Atlas’ for Mr. Curtis.  We gave three dollars toward it.

Friday, October 18, 2013

Thursday, October 17, 2013

Saturday, October 17, 1863

Mrs. Dawes returned home.  A Mr. Williams came to sell Johnson’s Atlas with Isaac Deming.  Lizzie Poage & Robert Ellison called .  Jennie Means, Charles Perry & Mr. Payne were here to tea.  Lucy, cousin Sarah Parker & George Cutter came to spend the sabbath.  Nancy has just heard of the death of her brother W. P. Carlin in hospital at Memphis and has gone home to see her parents.

Wednesday, October 16, 2013

Friday, October 16, 1863

Mrs. Dawes came down to spend the day.

Peggy's notes:
Mrs. Dawes is Sarah Cutler Dawes, Julia's sister and the mother of soldiers Rufus Dawes and Ephraim Dawes.

Tuesday, October 15, 2013

Thursday, October 15, 1863

Mr. Burgess has gone to Pennsylvania & circle met at Mrs. Burgess’.  We all went.  General rejoicing among loyal people over the election returns.  Brough will have sixty thousand majority on the home vote.  The soldiers vote will be almost entirely for Brough.  Pennsylvania & Iowa voted on the 13th and have gone largely Union.

John Brough (rhymes with “ruff”) was elected Governor of Ohio on a pro-Union ticket after giving a strongly Union speech in Marietta on June 10, 1863.  He supported the anti-slavery movement that the Civil War effort was taking.

Monday, October 14, 2013

Wednesday, October 14, 1863

William went out to Lakeline & back today.  Judson J. Hollister called to get William to write to Gov. Morton of Ind. in behalf of his nephew Mr. Black who wants promotion to Captain in the Invalid Corps.  Gave Mr. Hollister 15 copies of Patent office Agricultural reports and one Mechanical Report for Vito Fair.  Lucy came down & returns again on evening train.  Election news good.

Peggy’s notes:
Veto, Ohio was named to honor Ehpraim Cutler, Julia’s father.  In 1802, he  served as a delegate to the Ohio constitutional convention and drafted a section which specifically excluded slavery in Ohio.  It passed by one vote.

Julia has not written much about the battles of the war.  On this day, her nephew, Rufus Dawes, wrote to his fiancé, Mary Gates:
Heights of Centreville, Va.        After continuous marching night and day, we have outrun the enemy and this afternoon our army is going into position along these heights.  We have escaped fighting ourselves, but every day we have heard the thunder of the enemy's guns, pursuing the rear.  As I write this letter, the air is full of the noise of battle.   We think it is the second corps, and that the battle is near Manassas Junction. 

Sunday, October 13, 2013

Tuesday, October 13, 1863

This is election day.  William rode out to the town-house & voted although quite unwell.  The damage to the tunnel not very serious.  B. C. Bailey came down to get election returns of the two or three past years to compare with those of today.  James D. Bailey came down after ten o’clock to say that there had been a Union gain of 49 in Warren & good news by telegraph makes it probable that Brough is elected by 40,000 majority.

Peggy's notes:
John Brough (rhymes with ruff), a strongly pro-Union man, was running for governor of Ohio against Democrat, Clement Vallandigham.

Saturday, October 12, 2013

Monday, October 12, 1863

The time of the trains on the M&C Railroad changes to day coming an hour earlier at night, and an hour later in the morning.

Thursday, October 10, 2013

Saturday, October 10, 1863

Mr. Durand left after breakfast.  He is rather consequential in his manner, but I presume a good officer.

Wednesday, October 9, 2013

Friday, October 9, 1863

Mrs. Graves spent the day with us, a very pleasant woman.  Mrs. Burgess was here to tea.  Mr. Graves came for his wife & took her home on evening train.  Gave her several plants.
 Mr. Durand the Superintendent of the M & C Railroad spent the night here.

Tuesday, October 8, 2013

Thursday, October 8, 1863

Went down to Bosworth & Weiss and got satin for aprons.  Lucy & I, then came to Harmar & called on Mrs. Newton--at the Depot met Mrs. Graves who came down with us to spend tomorrow at our house.  She is a pleasant sensible woman.

Monday, October 7, 2013

Wednesday, October 7, 1863

Rainey day.  I went back to Mrs. Dawes’ this morning.  Great Copperhead demonstration.  A procession of some 50 horsemen & 100 wagons preceded by a band of music and carrying banners paraded the streets in a drizzling rain under faded cotton umbrellas, the women clad in old shakers & beautiful shawls.  A dismal looking set.  One fellow stood up in a wagon and screeched out a Vallindingham song.  The only persons I knew were old Mr. Stokes, Mrs. Sheets and W. P. Cole & daughter.

Peggy's note:
Vallindingham was a Democrat who was running for Governor of Ohio.  He was one of the "Copperheads," a noisy group of northern Democrats who wanted an immediate end to the Civil War and were advocating that the Confederacy be recognized as a separate nation. 

Sunday, October 6, 2013

Tuesday, October 6, 1863

Sister Sarah went with me to make calls, we called on Mrs. Dodge who boards at Mr. Hurshburgers, but resides in Lyme N. H. a pleasant, sensible lady, then on Mrs. Graves wife of W. W. Graves and then we went up to see the elevated square near Washington Street after which I went to Miss Cone’s & spent the night.  She has seven young gentlemen boarding with her.

Saturday, October 5, 2013

Monday, October 5, 1863

I went to Marietta with Lucy today, spent the day very pleasantly with them.
Saw Miss Cone and promised to spend Tuesday night with her.

Thursday, October 3, 2013

Saturday, October 3, 1863

Lucy here.  We took a long walk.  Lucy, William, Annie & Sarah, and me.  Lizzie going on horseback.  We went beyond Mr. Pedichords, took our signal glass along to view the scenery, also a basket of Cooper apples & catawba grapes -- had a nice time & a splendid view of the Ohio river, & the West Virginia Shore.

Wednesday, October 2, 2013

Friday, October 2, 1863

Mrs. Carrie Henry came in a few minutes, to see Lizzie.  She is sorely afflicted in the loss of her excellent mother, Mrs. Ward

Tuesday, October 1, 2013

Thursday, October 1, 1863

Mrs. McClure was here to dinner & went with us to the grave yard where Old Mrs. Ward was buried.  Rev. D. C. Perry & wife & daughter and Mr. & Mrs. Hartshorn came home with us and we got them dinner.  Circle met at W. D. Baileys.  Rainy afternoon.

Monday, September 30, 2013

Wednesday, September 30, 1863

Mrs. Burgess spent the day here & Maggie came to tea.  Old Mrs. Ward died in Barlow yesterday.
It is reported that Hiram Harvey Cole was killed at the late battle of Chickamauga (as it is called) -- His old and feeble father Malachi Cole, straitening himself up with the tears rolling down his face said “my son could not have died in a better cause” --

Sunday, September 29, 2013

Tuesday, September 29, 1863

Kate & Maggie went to town they found the place full of Independent Co.s on Regimental muster.
No news yet from the 36th -- some of its old friends are getting uneasy (I think unnecessarily) not for its safety but its reputation.

Friday, September 27, 2013

Sunday, September 27, 1863

Mr. Curtis preached.  Most of the congregation   True dear friends in the army under Rosecrans--yet Mr. C. offered no special prayers in their behalf!
Dr. Hart here  -- William is much better.  The Dr. says Col. Ben Fearing of the 92d and Adjt David Putnam are both wounded, and on their way home.  Capt. James Merrill wounded & a prisoner.  The eleventh Army corps is today crossing Ohio on the Central Railroad on its way South.

Thursday, September 26, 2013

Saturday, September 26, 1863

Letter from Ephe saying he had sent     dollars to his mother by express.  A letter from Rufus directs Wm to pay his mother $40, so her boys remember her, God bless them.

Wednesday, September 25, 2013

Friday, September 25, 1863

Lucy spent last night here.  Dr. Hart down again.  William escaped a chill today--
Mrs. W. D. Bailey, Miss Betsey Bailey, Miss Maggie Voris, Mr. B. C. Bailey, Mr. Frost &c callled.
I took up my wall flowers, salvia, &c and suffered most of the day with sick headache.

Tuesday, September 24, 2013

Thursday, September 24, 1863

Political meeting in Marietta.  Hon. Ben Wade & Hon. John Sherman speak.  William was also appointed to speak but was too sick to go.  He sent to Wade & Sherman a [unreadable] over M & C RR.
Capt. Moore called -- also Mr. John Newton & Mr. Wm Ellison of Manchester
A man from Pittsburg was here today and bought our apples at $1.50 per barrel for Graham & Thomas.

Monday, September 23, 2013

Wednesday, September 23, 1863

Dr. Hart was here to-day to see William who had a chill & fever again today.
We have packed three boxes for the Cincinnati Sanitary Commission to be sent tomorrow morning -- for Rosecrans.
We wait anxiously for news from Rosecrans.  More than 40 Ohio Regiments are under him --sorrow awaits thousands.

Sunday, September 22, 2013

Tuesday, September 22, 1863

Kate & Annie went up to town.  We have been hoping to have a visit from both the boys this fall, but Ephe is in command of the 53d and cannot come and Rufus has applied in vain for a furlough.  So we are disappointed.  I fear there is more hard fighting before them.  May God keep them as he has done hitherto.

Peggy's notes:
Rufus wrote to his fiancé, Mary Beman Gates, on September 3:
My application for leave of absence was disapproved by our brand-new Brigadier General Rice, at division headquarters, which made me pretty mad, and I went up to see him.  The result of our interview was, that he said if I would make another application, he would approve it, and so I started another paper grinding through the mill.   
A disappointed Rufus wrote again to Mary on September 12:
General Meade refused to grant my leave of absence.  Colonel Bragg endorsees it:  'Lieutenant Colonel Dawes has neither asked nor received indulgences to relieve him from duty.  I earnestly recommend the granting of the application.'  General Rice, the division commander, endorsed:  'This appears to be such a case, that if the exigencies of the service will permit, I earnestly recommend that the application be granted.'  The corp commander, General John Newton, approved the application, but General Meade refused to grant the leave of absence, and returned the paper endorsed:  'The Commanding General declines to grant leaves of absence at the present time, for private considerations.' 


Saturday, September 21, 2013

Monday, September 21, 1863

William had a chill again to day with high fever in the evening.
Rosecrans has fought the Southern Confederacy in Georgia and has been compelled to return to Chattanooga.

Peggy's notes:
More information here on the Battle of Chickamauga.

Friday, September 20, 2013

Sunday, September 20, 1863

Preaching by Mr. Curtis.  Mr. & Mrs. O’Neal, who were married last Thursday, were at meeting.

Thursday, September 19, 2013

Saturday, September 19, 1863

We have just heard that the body of Joseph Hutchinson was brought home and buried in the Warren Grave yard yesterday morning.  He died a few hours before his friends arrived.  His brother Henry, also a soldier, lies very low now at his fathers house.
Lucy went home on night train.

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Friday, September 18, 1863

Dr. Frank down again this morning we succeeded in keeping off the chill last night -- a rainy day.  Kate put out plants which Lizzie brought from Dr. Tenneys.
Mrs. Barnett here yesterday & today helping.  Lucy came down on evening train.  She was invited to a party at George Wells’ tonight, but came here instead.

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Thursday, September 17, 1863

Dr. Frank Hart came down here to see William this morning thinks he can break the chill.  William has had a sick day.  Lizzie came home this evening.  He had appointments to speak at Greenfield in Highland Co. & also in Morgan Co. and in Belpre this week but will be prevented by this sickness.
Nancy Jane Scott & Russell O’Neal were married this evening by Rev. C. D. Curtis.

Monday, September 16, 2013

Wednesday, September 16, 1863

Sent away two bags books one to Marietta & one M & C RR.  Kate & Lizzie spent the day in town and Lizzie remains there all night.  William came home from Chillicothe sick -- he had a hard chill last night. 
Letters from Rufe & Ephe.  Ephe came near being shot by guerrillas concealed in the bushes.  God mercifully kept him.

Sunday, September 15, 2013

Tuesday, September 15, 1863

I directed books & pamphlets for distribution in this Congressional District all day.  It is a laborious undertaking.  
Nancy has heard of the severe illness of her brother Perley Carlin who is in the army near Vicksburg.

Saturday, September 14, 2013

Monday, September 14, 1863

Kate recieved [sic] invitation to N. A. Scott’s wedding next Thursday.
Sent a bag of books to Marietta, Mrs. Lewis Reppert was here to dinner.  Lizzie went to Mr. Dickeys to take tea.  I had a severe spell of palpitation of the heart today.  William went this morning to Chilicothe.  Loring Lewis called to see William about “cattle-pass” on Union RR.  Dr. Hart stopped to see Annie who has the chicken pox.

Peggy's notes:
A cattle pass is a passageway to allow the passage of cattle,  often under a bridge or a railway.

Friday, September 13, 2013

Sunday, September 13, 1863

I went to meeting & Sabbath School.  Mr. Curtis is now absent on a visit to the 116th Reg. OVI at Harper’s Ferry.  William read one of Burder’s village sermons about 70 persons at meeting several of them strangers.

Peggy’s notes:  A collection of sermons “Intended for the use of families, sunday schools, or companies assembled for religious instruction in country villages” were printed in 1817 by George Burder.  A free ebook is available from Google Books.  

Thursday, September 12, 2013

Saturday, September 12, 1863

Old Mr. Cone called here he has been entirely blind for many years.
Mr. Hutchinson received a dispatch that Joseph his son was at the point of death in the army of the Potomac.  [unreadable name] Hutchinson & Mrs. Kramer started to him last night.

Wednesday, September 11, 2013

Friday, September 11, 1863

The peaches are very fine indeed    put them all up to-day.  Kate went to Mr. Bailey’s and got a bushel of dumson plums - we put up several cans of them.  I called on Mrs. Sheets.
Col. W. R. Putnam and his wire spent the afternoon here.  Lucy, Katy Andrews, & Charley Brush here to stay all night.

Tuesday, September 10, 2013

Thursday, September 10, 1863

We put up a bushel of peaches this morning in cans.  Mrs. Terrill made plum jam.  Lizzie, Kate, & I went to A. S. Bailey’s to circle, pleasant time.  Mrs. Bailey provided the supper, it was excellent.
William brought home four boxes of peaches from Cincinnati containing one bushel in each box.

Monday, September 9, 2013

Wednesday, September 9, 1863

Mr. Burgess & Rev. Mr. McLean called.
Kate and I spent the afternoon at Mr. Burgess’s with Mrs. Dickey & her sister Miss Lindley & Miss Haywood who teaches the district school.  
We got by the cars peaches from Watertown which George Cutter procured for us.

Sunday, September 8, 2013

Tuesday, September 8, 1863

Mrs. Barnett of Barlow brought us a bushel and a half of peaches at two dollars and a half a bushel.  They were very nice.  We canned them all.
Kate went to town & returned this evening.

Thursday, September 5, 2013

Saturday, September 5, 1863

To-day was to have been preparatory lecture but Mr. Curtis dismissed us without service & before half the people had assembled because his Mrs. thought there might be no one to lead the singing--He is very peculiar about some things.

Wednesday, September 4, 2013

Friday, September 4, 1863

Lizzie & William with little Sarah returned from Cincinnati.  They got a beautiful field glass such as is used by the signal corps in the army.  It cost 32 dollars.  They also goat a very pretty cake basket.  Lucy came down & spent the night.  Miss Sarah Parker came on the train to attend school in Marietta.  She will board with Mrs. Dawes.

Field Glasses used during the Civil War

Tuesday, September 3, 2013

Thursday, September 3, 1863

Kate, Maggie Voris, & little Annie went to Belpre to attend the “Old Folks Concert” at the Brick Church.  They took tea with Mrs. Col. Clark and had a good time.

Monday, September 2, 2013

Wednesday, September 2, 1863

Lucy spent last night with us.  Mr. Frederick Ballard called & we got dinner for him -- an old man -- he lives in Sparta, Morrow Co. Ohio.  

Note:  A line is crossed out and unreadable at the end of this entry.

Sunday, September 1, 2013

Tuesday, September 1, 1863

This morning William started to Cincinnati taking Lizzie & little Sarah with him -- They go as far as Chillicothe today.
Threshing Machine here to-day--fourteen hands to dinner & supper.  Walter Brown’s Machine from Grandview.

Peggy's comments:

Saturday, August 31, 2013

Monday, August 31, 1863

Lieut. A. S. Bailey came this morning to get money to uniform the Independent Co. of Warren.  William gave him $100 toward the object.
Lucy began her school today.

Friday, August 30, 2013

Sunday, August 30, 1863

We were saved from frost by the fog, but there was frost over the hill & in Virginia.

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Thursday, August 27, 1863

Quite a large circle here.  Mrs. Reppert & Mr. & Mrs. Kramer, Miss Louisa Beale, Miss Valonia Reppert, Miss Mary T. Newton & Mr. Douglas Newton & Miss Wakefield beside the usual attendants.  We provided supper.  Set table in the porch -- very nice.  Fine peaches from Loveland & excellent Melons &c.

Monday, August 26, 2013

Wednesday, August 26, 1863

Wednesday Kate & I called on Mrs. James Reppert & Miss Lucy Kreamer and invited them to circle.  We also called at Capt. Moores but he was not at home.
Lucy came on cars this evening.
Circle is to meet at our house tomorrow.

Sunday, August 25, 2013

Tuesday, August 25, 1863

Rainey.  I wrote to Clara today.
Kate & children came home she has obtained two very good photographs of the little girls.
Turned cold -- Thermometer fell more than 30 degrees in 24 hours -- have fires to sit by.

Peggy's comments:
This may be the photograph of the little girls, Sarah Julia Cutler and Annie Cutler, daughters of William and Lizzie Cutler.
Sarah Julia and Annie Cutler

Saturday, August 24, 2013

Monday, August 24, 1863

Kate took the children to Marietta.  William wet to Chillicothe on the morning train.
I wrote to Martha Carter enclosing forty dollars.
George Cutter here to spend the night.

Peggy's notes:
Martha Carter was a niece of Julia's.  She was the daughter of Julia's half sister Nancy Cutler Carter.

Friday, August 23, 2013

Sunday, August 23, 1863

I was sick and did not go to church.  The days continue very warm but somewhat cooler at night.

Thursday, August 22, 2013

Saturday, August 22, 1863

William has spent the week in Chillicothe--he returned home to night.
The guerrillas under the desperado Quantrill have burned Lawrence City in Kansas -- Burnside is marching on East Tennessee -- Rosecrans is also moving in the direction of Chattanooga --Seige of Charleston S. C. is progressing.  Federal Troops are marching on Little Rock, Ark. & Banks heads an expedition against Mobile.

Peggy's comments:

This  contemporary account of the desperado William C. Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, Kansas, was published in the September 5, 1863 issue of Harper's Weekly.

The Massacre at Lawrence, Kansas

THE city of Lawrence was, on the evening of August 20, 1863, one of the most thriving towns between the Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains. At daybreak on the next day it was a heap of ruins. A gang of guerrillas, 500 strong, under Quantrill, crossed the Missouri River on the evening of the 20th, and pushed forward to Lawrence, where they arrived just before daybreak. Guards were posted around the town so as to prevent all escape, and the work of pillage and murder at once commenced. The attack was wholly unexpected, and there was not the least show of resistance. The citizens were massacred by the light of their burning homes, and their bodies flung into wells and cisterns. In one case twelve men were driven into a building, where they were shot down, and the house burned over their bodies. The number of victims is stated at 180, including the Mayor and the principal citizens. Only one hotel was left standing, and this was spared because the guerrilla chief had been formerly entertained there free of expense. Two of the banks were plundered, and the third escaped because the marauders could not force the safe in time. The total loss of property is put down at two millions of dollars. No other such instance of wanton brutality has occurred during the American war. The names of Nena Sahib in India, Cut-Nose in Minnesota, and Quantrill in Kansas will go down in history together.

And more information about Quantrill posted on the current blog, Civil War Daily Gazette .

Wednesday, August 21, 2013

Friday, August 21, 1863

Lucy returned home.  Mrs. Cutler & Kate visited at Mrs. Briggs’ this afternoon.  [unreadable] Briggs is in very poor health.

Tuesday, August 20, 2013

Thursday, August 20, 1863

Mrs. Dawes returned home this morning.  We have had a very pleasant visit from her.  Kate went to town to-day & got her Photograph--Lucy, Nancy  & I went to Mrs. Scott’s funeral.  Rev. Mr. Curtis preached.  

Peggy's comments:  A line at the end of this entry has been erased and is unreadable.  The original journals were in Julia Cutler's possession until her death.  They were read by her niece, Sarah Julia Cutler (little Sarah) and later by Rufus Dawes' daughter.  

This may be the photograph that was taken of Kate Dawes:

Monday, August 19, 2013

Wednesday, August 19, 1863

We (Sarah & I) called on Mrs. W. D. Bailey.  Old Mrs. Scott died today.
Maggie, Lizzie Poage, Jennie Clark, John & James Means were here to dinner.
Lucy & Annie came home from Amesville.

Sunday, August 18, 2013

Tuesday, August 18, 1863

Kate went with Mrs. A. S. Bailey to take dinner with Mrs. June Bailey.  Mrs. Cutler, Mrs. Dawes & little Sarah are spending the day with Mrs. Burgess.

Saturday, August 17, 2013

Monday, August 17, 1863

Still warm.  William goes to Chillicothe again today.  Linley went home today.

Friday, August 16, 2013

Thursday, August 15, 2013

Saturday, August 15, 1863

Letters from Ephe.  He was in the battle at the taking of Jackson, Miss.  Col. Cockerill who commanded the Brigade makes in his report honorable mention of Major Dawes.  The 53d had gone into camp on the Big Black River.  Letters from Lucy and Annie.

Peggy's comments:
Julia's nephew, Ephraim Cutler Dawes, was part of the 53rd Ohio Volunteers.  To learn more about the history of this regiment, check out the Ohio Civil War web page.

Wednesday, August 14, 2013

Friday, August 14, 1863

Sarah went home this morning to attend the female prayer meeting at her house.  Very warm.  August has been excessively hot, the first week of the month at Washington is said to have been the hottest for forty years.  Sarah came on evening train.  Mrs. Blizzard (mother of Dr. Bebee) was buried yesterday.  Linley Wilcox, tenant on the Old Farm in Amestown, came to see William.

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Thursday, August 13, 1863

Lucy Dawes & Annie E. Cutler started to Amesville for a visit at Mr. Dean's.  They went by rail to New England Station.  Mrs. Dawes and I went in a buggy to Belpre.  We drove past Mr. Dana's beautiful place, called on Mrs. Lucy Browning she was not at home being at the house of Old Mrs. Goodno who died suddenly yesterday.  We had a pleasant call on Mrs. Sophie Browning who is blind.  Saw Fort Boreman, called at Mr. McTaggart--got home to dinner.  Kate took tea at Mr. Burgess's.

Monday, August 12, 2013

Wednesday, August 12, 1863

Lucy came this morning.  Ironing.  About noon extra train with Dr. L. Wilson, Pres. M. & C. RR stopped here an hour.  Mr. Wilson, Mr. Ridlow & the train men here to dinner.
William, Lizzie and little Sarah went out to Chillicothe on the train with Mr. Wilson.  Mrs. Dawes dined with Mrs. W. D. Bailey.

Sunday, August 11, 2013

Tuesday, August 11, 1863

This morning about 5 o'clock after the guards had left the fords we saw two persons pass who we thought might be the criminals, but unarmed--heard afterwards they were arrested in Parkersburg -- Mr.       Baptist minister here to dinner & tea.  Mrs. W. D. Bailey, Mrs. Athens, Miss Annie Pimple & Maggie here to tea.  Lucy spent the day in Marietta.

Saturday, August 10, 2013

Monday, August 10, 1863

Kate & her mother arrived by the morning train.  Two men from Union township came here much excited over a murder perpetrated nine o’clock this morning upon a constable named McCoy by a man & his son named Sturling.  Sturling was formerly from Virginia & is brotherinlaw of Henry Cole it was thought he & his son would try to cross here--the fords were watched.  William was up till morning & John & Hugh Cole all night.

Thursday, August 8, 2013

Saturday, August 8, 1863

Kate and the children went to town to-day.  Kate found her mother with sick head-ache and stays with her until Monday sending Annie & Sarah home on the cars--their first trip alone.  Lucy visited at D. B. Calders & Mrs. McClures.  Mrs. Temple & Fanny Bosworth called.

Peggy's comments:
Annie Cutler was 10 and Sarah Julia Cutler was 7 at the time they had their first trip alone.

Sarah Julia and Annie Cutler

Fanny Bosworth was the daughter of the painter Sala Bosworth and Joanna Shipman Bosworth.  After the Civil War, Martha Frances (Fanny) married Ephraim Cutler Dawes.
The Bosworth family:  children Frances and Charles Henry in the center with parents Joanna and Sala 

Ephraim Cutler Dawes